Project lists

49.Development Participatory Management of Micro Catchment at the Bengawan Solo Upper Watershed (Phase II)
21 Mar 2022     
Project title Development of microcatchment participatory management in the Bengawan Solo Upper Watershed (Phase II) [Project ID: 2020P1-INA]
Project duration (Phase II) August 2020–July 2022, 24 months
Target area Naruan Micro Catchment (NMC)
Location Upstream of Keduang Watershed, Upper Bengawan Solo River Basin. Situated in Wonogiri and Karanganyar Districts, Central Java Province, Indonesia
Supervisory agencies Extension and Human Resources Development Agency, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Indonesia (BP2SDM)
Executing agency Watershed Management Technology Center (WMTC)
Budget in USD (total/ APFNet grant) 245,324/99,820
Focus topics Participatory microplanning, watershed conservation, agroforestry skills development
  • To build a model of successful watershed management at the microcatchment operational level. This model may be used as an example of successful watershed management in other microcatchments.
  • To implement microcatchment management by improving existing plans and extending the impact area, based on community participation and stakeholder collaboration, and considering soil and water conservation principles.
Expected outputs
  • Detailed participatory land management plan for demonstration plots.
  • Demonstration plots of conservation farming and watershed rehabilitation.
  • Enhancement of farmers' skills and incomes through on-farm and off-farm activities.
  • Evaluation of the impacts of agroforestry demonstration plots on watershed rehabilitation.
  • Recommendations and a policy brief on the best agroforestry model for watershed rehabilitation and soil erosion control.
Figure 1. Land use map of Naruan Micro Catchment 

From 2017 to 2020, APFNet supported the project “Development of participatory management of microcatchment in the Bengawan Solo Upper Watershed”, executed by the Watershed Management Technology Center (WMTC). The project achieved its objectives to mitigate watershed mismanagement issues in the Naruan Micro Catchment (NMC) with stronger local commitments, and established important demonstration sites for sustainable watershed management.
To further improve sustainable watershed management and strengthen demonstration models, APFNet initiated a second project phase from 2020 to 2022 with WMTC. Phase II will continue the comprehensive landscape planning approach, maintain stakeholder participation in decision-making processes and expand agroforestry demonstration sites to improve land cover condition through soil and water conservation. New activities in Phase II include:

  1. Expansion of agroforestry plots on vulnerable and impacted areas.
  2. Use of vegetative and civil engineering techniques for land rehabilitation and soil conservation structures.
  3. On-farm and off-farm activities and training for local communities to build farming skills and improve livelihoods.
In addition, monitoring and evaluation (M&E) will be conducted to observe the impacts of demonstration plots on the environment and change in community socioeconomic status.
Demonstrating conservation farming and agroforestry for soil erosion control
Demonstration plots are located in three villages in the NMC, Wonorejo and Wonokeling villages in Karanganyar District, and Bubakan village in Wonogiri District. In Phase II, there will be two types of demonstration plots to practice conservation agriculture and agroforestry to reduce soil erosion. On participatory demonstration plots, a combination of timber trees, multipurpose tree species and seasonal crops will be planted, using an agroforestry model based on field measurements. On non-participatory demonstration plots (acting as a control), the types and composition of plants will be those that showed the best performance in the project’s Phase I activities. Construction of non-participatory demonstration plots will be directly managed by the WMTC team.
In addition, 20 gully bamboo plug and head structures and three small check dams using “spesi", a cement-stone material, will be built at existing rehabilitation sites in the microcatchment management plan (Figure 2).

Figure 2. Phase 1 agroforestry plots and potential areas for rehabilitation.
Strengthening livelihoods through capacity building
The development of apiculture, training in producing higher value-added agricultural products and treating household and agriculture waste will enhance farmers’ skills and incomes. Beekeeping training will be conducted once in each village with 30 field partners, farmers whose land was selected as demonstration plots. Second, farmers’ skills in producing value-added agricultural products (i.e. through apiculture) will be conducted twice in each village with 15 participants per village. Training in processing household and agriculture waste will address environmental problems in the villages. The waste management training will be conducted once in each village with 30 participants per village, managed by the WMTC team in collaboration with relevant agencies.
Drawing lessons and making policy recommendations
Both performance and management will be monitored and evaluated during the project. Performance M&E will be conducted before and after implementation to evaluate changes in microcatchment performance. Management M&E will monitor the overall project implementation in accordance with the project proposal as well as assess the feasibility and efficiency of the project budget in accordance with APFNet financial regulations. Table 1 outlines four key indicators to monitor and evaluate achievement of project objectives.
Table 1. Indicators, criteria and verifiers for successful microcatchment management

Based on the M&E results, the best agroforestry model will be identified in discussions and workshops at the end of the project and outlined in a policy brief to disseminate recommendations and lessons learned nationally.